GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS ( GDM )
Gestational diabetes is diabetes diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy . In gestational diabetes, blood sugar usually returns to normal soon after delivery. But if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life.
Risk factors for gestational diabetes…
- Overweight and obesity.
- Lack of physical activity.
- Age – Higher the age more the risk ( >30yrs)
- Previous gestational diabetes history or prediabetes.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome. (PCOD)
- Diabetes in an immediate family member.
- Previously delivering a baby weighing more than 4 kilograms.
When it comes to preventing gestational diabetes, we don’t have a clear cut picture, but adopting more healthy habits before pregnancy can give some benefits. These healthy choices will reduce your risk of developing gestational diabetes .
- Eat healthy foods. Choose foods high in fiber and low in fat and calories. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Watch portion sizes.
- Be active. Exercising before and during pregnancy can help protect you from developing gestational diabetes. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate activity on most days of the week.
- Start pregnancy at a healthy weight. If you’re planning to get pregnant, losing extra weight beforehand may help you have a healthier pregnancy.
- Planing pregnancy at younger age. Might help, usually before 30 yrs.
- Don’t gain more weight than recommended. Gaining too much weight too quickly more than a recommended weight can up your risk of gestational diabetes.